Forests in Sri Lanka
More than 25% of the land area of Sri Lanka is covered with forests. It includes tropical wet lowland evergreen forests, wet sub-montane forests, wet montane forests, tropical dry mixed evergreen forests in the dry lowlands, with riverine vegetation along river banks; tropical moist evergreen forest in the intermediate zone; thorny scrub in the arid areas; and mangrove swamps in the coastal areas, fringing the lagoons and at the river mouths.
According to the U.N. FAO, 28.8% or about 1,860,000 ha of Sri Lanka was forested in 2010, according to FAO. Of this 9.0% ( 167,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Sri Lanka had 185,000 ha of planted forest. A vast variety of biodiversity can be found in those forests. Specially Sinharaja rain forest which is a world heritage can be identified as a biodiversity hotspot in Sri Lanka.
Wildlife in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka’s wildlife is as varied as the island itself, ranging from elephants and leopards to marine life and a vast number of different birds, and Sri Lanka is now one of the best places in the world to see whales, including the mighty blue whale. With 12% of the country designated for wildlife protection, it is easy to get a taste of Sri Lankan wildlife: safari parks and sanctuaries, particularly in the southern and central zones, offer the easiest way to see animals in their natural habitat. Stay alert for a sighting of the endangered leopard; take your time as you watch the elephants feeding and washing in a tank or lagoon, or walk quietly along the beaches of the west and south coast near to marine turtles as they lay their eggs.
In Sri Lanka, there are many places to enjoy all above mentioned items of wildlife.